Hair care is a general term encompassing cosmetology and hygiene involving the hair that grows in the scalp, to some extent, to the tips of the hair, and even to a less extent body hair. Hair care practices vary according to the cultural and physical attributes of a person’s hair, as well as to his/her personality. For instance, in Asia, women are more beauty conscious than men; they spend hours in the make-up parlor, practicing the various hair rituals (donning and removing of body hair, and sometimes shaving off the hair from the face) to augment their attractiveness quotient, and generally look younger than their age. This process is called ‘kissanating’; in Western cultures, hair care products are often considered unnecessary; the use of shampoo and conditioner only highlights the natural texture and beauty of the hair. There is no special effort involved in hair care in most cultures.
It is necessary to choose hair care products that are both safe and effective. The first consideration in this regard is that the product should not cause any harm to the scalp or the eyes. Secondly, the product should be effective in treating the issues like dandruff, itching, flaking, dryness etc. An effective product should have anti-bacterial properties, antiviral action, or other similar actions that would help reduce the signs of scalp irritation.
The development of effective products has come at a time when science has started comprehending the biochemical processes that go on in our body. The understanding of these processes has led to creation of new medicines and formulations that are capable of dealing with a number of problems. Among them, one of the most common problems is allergy related problems. Allergy products that are suitable for long term use must be free of all ingredients that could cause allergic reactions, which include artificial colors, fragrances, preservatives, alcohols and many others.